What Is Metaparadigm?

The health metaparadigm is a key principle in nursing, encompassing the connections between humans and their surroundings as well as the independence of individuals. It involves empathy and prioritizing the patient's personal experience of health and the relationship between wellness, illness, and disease. Nursing, as a metaparadigm concept, encompasses the actions, roles, and responsibilities of nurses, as well as their knowledge, skills, and attitudes. The four main components of the nursing metaparadigm are person, environment, health, and nursing. These concepts were first introduced in the late 1970s and guide the disciplinary perspective of nursing. The metaparadigm concept of human beings includes both individuals and their cultural context, such as families and communities.

The concept of metaparadigm is often used in the context of nursing and represents a set of fundamental concepts that broadly define the discipline of nursing. These concepts typically include the following four main components:

  1. Person: This refers to the individual receiving care and can include patients, families, and communities.
  2. Environment: This encompasses the surroundings and context in which the person exists, including the physical, social, and cultural aspects.
  3. Health: This represents the overall well-being and state of the individual, including factors related to wellness, illness, and disease.
  4. Nursing: This component focuses on the profession of nursing, including the roles, responsibilities, and actions of nurses in providing care.

The metaparadigm helps to provide a comprehensive framework for understanding and approaching the practice of nursing, emphasizing the interconnectedness of these fundamental concepts.

What is the Nursing Metaparadigm? - Nursing Education ExpertNursing Theories & Theorists: The Definitive Guide for Nurses ...

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