In This Section, Please Provide An Overview Of The Case

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by chronic and pervasive signs of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Research has indicated that the disorder is multifactorial and involves a combination of genetic inheritance and environmental factors. Evidence from twin studies suggests that genetics plays a significant role in the development of the disorder. Recent research has also identified various central nervous system abnormalities in individuals with ADHD, further confirming the neurobiological basis of the disorder. While the exact causes of ADHD are still unknown, it is widely accepted that biological factors are involved. This is supported by the complex involvement of multiple brain pathways and key neurotransmitters in the etiology of ADHD.


This case study focuses on the diagnosis of ADHD in a 14-year-old individual named Shakeel and the implications of neuroimaging findings that reveal dysfunctions in critical brain structures. We will investigate the impact of ADHD-related deficits in the prefrontal cortex, cerebellum, basal ganglia, and subregions of the limbic system on Shakeel's executive function deficits, motor impairments, and emotional irregularities. By examining these biological factors in the context of Shakeel's symptoms, we aim to shed light on how an understanding of biological psychology can provide valuable insights into the manifestation of ADHD, and inform effective management strategies for individuals like Shakeel.

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