## 2023:14.90 2022:17.32 2021:16.34

The gross profit margin is an important metric for evaluating a company's financial health, as it compares the revenue to the cost of goods sold and reflects the portion of net sales that make up profit. This ratio is also known as the gross profit ratio and is a measure of profitability. It is calculated by subtracting direct expenses from net sales and a higher ratio signifies better efficiency of core operations. This ratio is commonly used by investors to assess the profitability and performance of a company.

The gross profit margin, or gross profit ratio, is an essential financial metric that provides insight into a company's profitability and operational efficiency. It is calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold from the revenue, and then dividing the result by the revenue. The formula for the gross profit margin is:

[ \text{Gross Profit Margin} = \frac{\text{Revenue} - \text{Cost of Goods Sold}}{\text{Revenue}} \times 100% ]

Now, let's calculate the gross profit margin for the years 2023, 2022, and 2021, using the data you've provided:

2023: 14.90 2022: 17.32 2021: 16.34

Using the formula, we get:

2023: (\frac{14.90}{100} = 14.90%)

2022: (\frac{17.32}{100} = 17.32%)

2021: (\frac{16.34}{100} = 16.34%)

Based on these calculations, it appears that the gross profit margin has decreased from 2022 to 2023, and also increased from 2021 to 2022. This suggests a potential reduction in profitability in 2023 compared to 2022, while showing improvement from 2021 to 2022. A decreasing gross profit margin may indicate an increase in the cost of goods sold relative to revenue, which could be a cause for concern and may require further analysis.

These ratios provide valuable insight into the performance of a company's core operations and can be used as a tool for investors and analysts in assessing the financial health of a business.

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